Variable residual stresses arise and the part deforms as layers of different frozen-in specific volume interact with each other
Process-induced vs. in-cavity residual stress
Process-induced residual stress data are much more useful than in-cavity residual stress data for molding simulation. Following are definitions of the two terms, along with an example that illustrates the difference between them.
Process-induced residual stress
After part ejection, the constraints from the mold cavity are released, and the part is free to shrink and deform. After it settles to an equilibrium state, the remaining stress inside the part is called process-induced residual stress, or simply, residual stress. Process-induced residual stress can be flow-induced or thermal-induced, with the latter being the dominant component.
In-cavity residual stress
While the […]