Hot Runner Mold Systems:

Husky, Synventive, Kona, DME, Mold Masters, INCOE, HOSCO,

DONGGUAN SINCERE TECH CO.LTD(SINCERE TECH) provides plastic injection mould solutions to industries of all types and sizes. For almost 20 years DST has designed, built, and worked on almost every type of mould existing in the plastic industry.

We are experienced in building custom plastic molds for a variety of hot runner mold systems, from hot runner manufacturers like:

  • Husky
  • Synventive
  • Kona
  • DME
  • Mold Masters
  • INCOE
  • HOSCO

Our state-of-the-art mould building facilities include CNC Milling and EDM Machining to create many types of custom moulds, including complex speciality injection moulds, insert moulds and unscrewing moulds, double injection moulds (2k mould). We can build moulds for both cold runner mould systems and hot runner mould systems.

Hot Runner Molds: Efficient High Production

Each system offers advantages and disadvantages. Choosing the system to employ depends on the requirements of the part to be produced. A few of the considerations include:hot runner molding

  • Type of material to use – virgin or “regrind”
  • Colour changes during the production run
  • Single or multiple design production
  • Part complexity
  • Colour requirements
  • Physical characteristics of the material

The primary difference between the two systems is that hot runner eliminates the excess material retained in the feed channels of a cold runner mold. This feature reduces the number of production steps required and saves in material and energy costs.

Furthermore, mostly hot runners use 100% virgin resins; no reprocessed or “re-grind” material is added. This is an important feature for specific applications where regrinding can cause the material to yellow, or detracts from the material properties, such as clarity in light pipe or lens production, where long-lasting transparency is a specific requirement.

Hot runner systems normally inject melted material directly into the individual mold cavity. Hot runner is almost always used for large volume production of thermoplastic injection molded parts, or multiple part production using multi-cavity molds and stack-molding technology.

Hot runner molds are two plate molds with a heated runner system inside one half of the mold. A hot runner system is divided into two parts:

  • The manifold has channels that convey the plastic on a single plane, parallel to the parting line, to a point above the cavity
  • The drops, situated perpendicular to the manifold, convey the plastic from the manifold to the part

Hot-Runner Systems: The advantages and disadvantages

Primary advantages of hot runner systems include:

  • Shorter, faster cycle times – most of them have no runners to cool
  • Smaller machines – reduced shot volume into runners
  • Automated processing – runners do not need to be separated from the parts
  • Gates at the best position for economical design
  • Elimination of runners means
  • Materials cost savings – no runner to regrind or reprocess
  • Least expensive cost/piece
  • Reduction of energy costs
  • No runners to remove or regrind
  • Reduces the possibility of contamination
  • Lower injection pressures
  • Lower clamping pressure
  • Consistent heat within the cavity
  • Shorter cooling time
  • Shot size reduced
  • Cleaner molding process
  • Eliminates nozzle freeze

There are, however, a few disadvantages to hot runner systems that need to be considered:

  • Hot runner molds are more complex and expensive to build than cold runner molds
  • Higher initial start-up costs than for cold runner systems
  • Complex initial setup prior to running the mold
  • Higher maintenance costs – more susceptible to:
    • Breakdowns
    • Leakage
    • Heating element failure
    • Wear caused by filled materials
  • Risk of thermal damage to sensitive materials
  • Elaborate temperature control required

Hot Runner Molds: Applications & Possibilities

Hot-runner systems are almost always used when large runs have to be manufactured in highly automated production. Additionally, technological advances enable us to build molds with gates positioned to yield the best quality molded parts.

Hot runner molds are sometimes connected to needle valve nozzles, which are activated with precise computer-controlled timing. This allows for a number of advanced processes, including:

  • In-Mold Decoration – lamination with colored film coating
  • Multi-Cavity Molds – cavities with different geometries and/or volumes
    • Parts that belong together produced in one mold
    • Injection valve opening and closing can be adjusted to the conditions of each individual cavity
    • Injection pressure and holding pressure may be adjusted  independently of each other
  • Controlled Volume Balancing – a weld line can be shifted into a non-critical area of the molded part
  • Stack Molding – two or more mold bases in production simultaneously creating multiple parting lines