Liquid Silicone Rubber Molding

Silicone Injection Molding

Method of Liquid Silicone Rubber Molding

When we talk about Silicone Rubber in liquid form (LSR), it is a network which is divided into two parts. In this network long chains of poly siloxane are supported with silica. Part A contains a platinum catalyst and Part B contains methyl hydrogen siloxane as a cross-linker and an alcohol inhibitor. Silicone rubbers are couple of part polymers, and may contain fillers to upgrade properties or reduce cost. Silicone rubber is for the most part non-reactive, stable, and impervious to extreme conditions and temperatures from −55 to 300 °C (−70 to 570 °F) while at the same time sustaining its properties.


when we define silicone rubber in liquid form it is a polymer which is inorganic in nature framed by silicon (Si), oxygen (O), carbon (C) and hydrogen (H). The vitally synthetic chain called the spine, is framed by silicon and oxygen, called siloxane. This is a high-virtue platinum-cured silicone with brilliant smoothness. It is frequently infused into a silicone shape cavity to manufacture various parts with high accuracy. In general, liquid silicone rubber has a low compression set, good stability, and resistance to extreme heat and cold temperatures. This material is mainly used to create seals, sealing membranes, electric connectors, multi-pin connectors, infant products where smooth surfaces are required.

The inorganic nature of LSR makes it ideal for medical and skin-contact applications. LSR has ability to combine with other chemical groups which allow it to achieve robust performances. LSR outperforms many other elastomers and is used in pushbuttons or keyboard applications, and is preferred for pumping applications, particularly if in contact with bodily fluids or chemical substances.

Injection Molding of Liquid Silicone Rubber

This is a very mechanized process. Liquid silicone injection molding uses a mechanical mixing method that blends a two-component platinum-cured LSR material compound together that flows into a mold. However, because of viscous nature of LSR, it processes easily and is perfectly suited for high-volume production, consistent part quality, and improved productivity. The LSR injection tool is housed in an LSR specific injection molding press, which is specially designed for precise control of the shot size and enables the consistent production of liquid silicone rubber components. Due to its properties and processability, liquid silicone rubber has become the ideal material for intricate design features, and demanding critical applications.

LSR Injection Molding Process

This process is thermoset in nature utilized to manufacture flexible, durable, and heat-resistant silicone parts and products. In this process two compounds are mixed which are generally consist of the base-forming silicone and the platinum catalyst. After that the mixture is injected and heat-cured inside a mold creating flexible silicone parts. However, these two compounds require intensive distributive mixing while keeping them at a low temperature before pushing it into a heated cavity. The liquid silicone rubber is cured through heat, producing solid parts or products.

This process is widely employed in various industries which include automotive, medical, consumer goods, and electronics industries. The LSR injection molding process mainly consists of the following major steps.

1.Material Preparation

LSR Compounds: LSR is a two-part compound typically referred to as base-forming material and catalyst which is generally platinum based. These parts are mixed in a 1:1 ratio and may include additional components such as pigments or additives.

Storage and Handling: LSR components are stored in containers or cartridges. One container holds the base-forming material and another container houses the catalyst, typically platinum based. Proper handling is very crucial to prevent the contamination and to ensure consistent material properties.

2. Mixing and Metering

Mixing Unit: A specialized mixing unit accurately combines both compounds. This unit may also incorporate pigments or other additives as required.

Static Mixer: The mixed LSR then passes through a static mixer, ensuring thorough homogenization of the components. This step is vital to ensure the consistent curing and properties of the final product.

Metering: In this important step the mixed LSR is metered into the injection unit. Precise metering is essential to maintain consistent shot sizes and to reduce material waste.

3. Injection Molding Machine

  • Injection Unit: The injection unit is specifically designed for LSR injection. LSR has a low viscosity and requires special screw designs. In this step material is pushed inside the mold cavity.
  • Clamping Unit: In this step clamp is used to hold the mold and to keep it close when injection is carried out. Nonetheless, the power required relies upon the part’s size and intricacy.

4. Mold Design

  • Material Considerations: Molds for LSR should be intended to endure the high temperatures and tensions applied during the curing system. They are most of the time produced using excellent quality steel or aluminum.
  • Cavity and Core: The Silicone Injection Mold comprises of cavities which are negative part shapes and cores which are positive part shapes. These should be precisely machined to accomplish the ideal part aspects and surface finishing.
  • Venting: The air is trapped and need to be released to avoid defects such as air bubbles or voids in the final product. So, it is important to ensure proper venting.
  • Ejector System: This step involves removal of the part from the mold which is cured. The ejection system must be carefully designed to handle the flexible and sticky LSR parts.

5. Injection and Curing

  • Injection Process: The mold is firmly closed and clamped with the appropriate force. The LSR is then injected into the mold cavities at high speed. Subsequently mold is filled and after that excessive material is removed.
  • Curing Process: The temperature is kept high (ordinarily between 160-200°C) to begin curing process. The curing time depends upon the part’s thickness and shape. It as a rule goes from a couple of seconds to a many minutes.

6. Demolding

  • Cooling: When curing is completed, the mold is chilled off to work with part expulsion and to avoid deformation.
  • Opening: After that mold is opened gently to prevent the damaging to the delicate LSR parts.
  • Ejection: In this step the parts are ejected from the mold using the ejector system. Careful handling is necessary to deal with the parts gently, as they are still warm and may be slightly pliable.

7. Post-Processing

  • Inspection: Dring this stage each part is inspected for defects such as flash, air bubbles, or incomplete filling. Both automated or manual inspection methods can be used.
  • Trimming: After that excess material, known as flash, is trimmed from the parts. This can be done manually or by using automated equipment.
  • Secondary Operations: additional processes like bonding, assembly, or surface treatment may be performed depending on the application and requirement.

8. Quality Control

  • Testing: In order to guarantee that delivered parts meet the necessary specifications they go through different tests. These tests incorporate mechanical property testing, dimensional checks, and visual examinations.
  • Documentation: Detailed records of the molding process, material batches, and quality control results are maintained regularly for traceability and for compliance with industry standards.

9. Packaging and Shipping

  • Packaging: Completed parts are then carefully packaged to safeguard them during transportation. Packaging techniques changes in light of the part’s size, shape, and sensitivity.
  • Shipping: Packaged parts are then shipped to customers or to the further processing facilities, ensuring timely delivery and maintaining part integrity.

liquid silicone injection moulding

Benefits of Injection Molding of LSR

This process offers a few main advantages, which are the followings:

1.Precision and Consistency

LSR injection molding provides high consistent and precise values in producing complicated, intricate and detailed parts. This process permits the tight tolerances and accurate replication of molds, ensuring uniformity across all batches.

2.Vast Applications Range

This offers a great many applications as it is flexible and can be utilized across different businesses, including automotive, clinical, hardware, consumer products, and much more. The flexibility that LSR provides makes it suitable for producing anything from medical implants to automotive seals to consumer electronics components.

3.Durability and Strength

These parts are notable for their solidness and strength. They can endure extreme temperatures, harsh synthetic compounds, and prolonged exposure to UV radiation without undermining their integral properties for a long-time span making them ideal for many applications.


These materials are biocompatible and meet the necessities of medical grade standards. This quality makes them appropriate for clinical and medical services applications like implants, surgical tools and wearable clinical gadgets. Additionally, they are hypoallergenic and are safe for prolonged skin contact.

5.Chemical Resistance

These materials display great protection from many synthetics, including solvents, oils, and cleaning agents. This property makes them appropriate to be utilized in such conditions where exposure to chemical substances is normal, like automotive and modern industrial settings.

6. Flexibility and Elasticity

These parts have the property of remarkable elasticity and flexibility, permitting them to be deformed and recover their unique shape without long-lasting distortion. This adaptability makes them ideal to be used for sealing and gasket applications where a tight, solid seal is required.

7. Fast Cycle Times

This method offers quick process time as compared to conventional rubber molding methods. This allows for high production with fast turnaround times and at the same time being cost effective.

8.Reduced Waste

LSR injection molding generates minimal waste as compared to other manufacturing processes. The ability to precisely control the material flow and optimizing the mold designs minimizes material waste. Consequently, this leads to cost savings and environmental benefits.

9.Design Freedom

This process empowers the development of complicated shapes and complex geometries that might be difficult to accomplish with other manufacturing methods. This design freedom opportunity allows to make imaginative item designs and customization choices.

10.Surface Finish

These parts have a smooth and immaculate surface finish straight out of the mold. Consequently, this diminishes the requirement for any secondary finishing tasks like cleaning or painting. This saves time and labor costs and making the process cost effective while ensuring a high-quality end product.

silicone injection molding machines

silicone injection molding machines

Liquid Silicone Rubber Molding Limitations

This process offers various benefits, however like any manufacturing process, it has some limitations which are the followings:

1.High Initial Investment

Significant initial investment is required while setting up an LSR injection molding process mainly in specialized equipment, molds, and infrastructure. Hence this can be a barrier for small-scale manufacturers or those with limited capital.

2.Complex Mold Design

LSR molds are specialized, intricate and complex due to the material’s low viscosity and high curing temperature. So, designing these molds requires expertise and precision, which can increase costs and lead times.

3.Limited Material Options

While LSR provides excellent properties like flexibility, heat resistance, and biocompatibility, its material options are somewhat limited as compared to other types of rubber. Consequently, this can restrict the range of applications where LSR can be used effectively.

4.Curing Time

The curing time for LSR can be longer as compared with other rubber molding methods. This can influence the production cycle and complete throughput, particularly for high-volume manufacturing.


This is a unique process with a large number of utilizations across various ventures in view of its novel properties and benefits. The major applications are as follows:

1.Medical Devices

It is broadly and generally utilized in the clinical business for manufacturing different gadgets and parts like catheters, tubing, seals, gaskets, respiratory veils, and implantable gadgets. Properties like biocompatibility, sterilizability, and toughness make it reasonable for applications requiring accuracy and unwavering quality in clinical conditions.

2.Baby Care Products

As a result of its safety, adaptability, and simplicity of sterilization LSR is ordinarily utilized in the creation of child care items like pacifiers, bottle areolas, and child taking care utensils. These items frequently require materials that should have the properties of being non-harmful, hypoallergenic, and impervious to high temperatures, all of which LSR provides.


This is additionally utilized in hardware for encapsulating and safeguarding sensitive parts from dampness, dust, and other ecological variables. It is utilized in applications like keypads, seals, gaskets, connectors, and protecting covers due to its amazing electrical protection properties, thermal stability, and protection from hazardous chemical compounds.

4.Automotive Setups

It is widely utilized in auto applications for delivering parts like seals, gaskets, connectors, and vibration dampers. Its protection from extreme temperatures, oils and synthetic substances makes it ideal for engine applications and outside parts where toughness and reliability are of prime significance.

5.Consumer Items

This is additionally utilized in different purchaser items like cooking wares, bakeware, seals, gaskets, and outdoor supplies as a result of its food-grade properties, adaptability, and protection from high temperatures. Its capacity to endure repeated cycles of warming and cooling makes it reasonable for items that require continuous use and washing.

6.Industrial Applications

It also finds its applications in modern settings for manufacturing seals, gaskets, O-rings, and different parts where protection from extreme temperatures, synthetics, and ecological variables is a great necessity. Its sturdiness, dependability, and long-term performance make it ideal for modern applications.


In the avionic business, LSR is generally utilized in the creation of seals, gaskets, connectors, and other basic parts where lightweight materials with elite high-performance are required. Its properties like protection from high temperatures, radiation, and synthetic compounds make it appropriate for aviation applications where unwavering quality and safety are of principal importance.

8.LED Lighting

It also finds its applications in LED lights to upgrade their exhibition, solidness, and life span. The properties like transparency, thermal stability, and resistance to UV radiation make it a decent material choice for safeguarding LED parts from dampness, dust, and other ecological elements.

9.Military and Defense

This is utilized in military applications for producing seals, gaskets, connectors, and different parts that require predominant performance under extreme circumstances. The items produced using it give extraordinary performance against harsh conditions like high temperatures, humidity, and openness to synthetic compounds and fuels.


The process of injection molding of silicone rubber in liquid form stands out as an elite technique for delivering parts of silicon with high accuracy. This is an adaptable and powerful manufacturing process which offers different benefits over the other methods. The design flexibility, high accuracy, and consistency combined with material’s inborn properties make it ideal for many applications across different businesses. By the headway of innovation this procedure keeps on advancing and improving too, subsequently offering much more prominent potential for advancement and item improvement in numerous areas.